What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol may be a sort of lipid. It’s a waxy, fat-like substance that your liver produces naturally. It’s vital for the formation of cell membranes, certain hormones, and vitamin D .
Cholesterol doesn’t dissolve in water, so it can’t travel through your blood on its own. to assist transport cholesterol, your liver produces lipoproteins.
Lipoproteins are particles made up of fat and protein. They carry cholesterol and triglycerides (another sort of lipid) through your bloodstream. the 2 major sorts of lipoprotein are LDL (LDL) and HDL (HDL).
If your blood contains an excessive amount of LDL cholesterol (cholesterol carried by low-density lipoprotein), it’s mentioned as high cholesterol. When left untreated, high cholesterol can cause many health problems, including attack or stroke.
High cholesterol typically causes no symptoms. That’s why it’s important to urge your cholesterol levels checked on a day to day . Learn what cholesterol levels are recommended for your age.
LDL cholesterol, or “bad cholesterol”
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is typically called “bad cholesterol.” It carries cholesterol to your arteries. If your levels of LDL cholesterol are too high, it can build au courant the walls of your arteries.
The buildup is additionally mentioned as cholesterol plaque. This plaque can narrow your arteries, limit your blood flow, and lift your risk of blood clots. If a grume blocks an artery in your heart or brain, it can cause a attack or stroke.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and PreventionTrusted Source, over one-third of american adults have elevated levels of LDL cholesterol . determine how you'll check your LDL cholesterol levels.
HDL cholesterol, or “good cholesterol”
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is typically called “good cholesterol.” It helps return LDL cholesterol to your liver to be away from your body. This helps prevent cholesterol plaque from build up in your arteries.
When you have healthy levels of HDL cholesterol , it can help lower your risk of blood clots, heart condition , and stroke. Learn more about HDL cholesterol.
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